- Monosaccharides -
The monomer for carbohydrates is called monosaccharides.
Common forms of monosaccharides are -Glucose - Galactose - Fructose
In order for a two monosaccharides to form, there needs to a condensation reaction.
The bond that is formed between =glycosidic bond.
2 monosaccharides with a glycosidic bond in between = Disaccharide
- Disaccharides -
Examples of this =
The picture above shows the different types of disaccharides and the structures for each of them.
Glucose is needed for each of the disaccharide formation.
This is because Glucose is an isomer
Glucose has 2 isomers -
- (Alpha) α-glucose
- (Beta) β-glucose
As shown above which has been circled, the positioning of the OH is the difference in the structure of both molecules. This can make all the difference in a molecule, which can change its function, structure, etc.
- Polysaccharides -
A polysaccharide is formed from many glucose units by condensation.
There are 3 forms of polysaccharide…